Know about Navratri and Dussehra
Navratri (Nau-ratri) -
Navratri, it is one of the most sacred, holy and auspicious periods in Hinduism every year. Navratri is observed four times a year that is there are a total of four Navratri in a year. But two Navratri are the main, which are Chaitra and Ashwani, in spring and winters, respectively. Navratri is a 9-day festivity. In the word Navratri, ‘Nav’ means 9, and ‘Ratri’ means night, therefore, Navratri means the nine nights.
Chaitra Navratri is also called Vasant Navratri and Rama Navratri. Chaitra Navratri is the 1st Navratri of the year. In 2019, Chaitra Navratri is starting on the 6th of April. The dates of Navratri can vary every year in the Gregorian calendar. The 1st day or the start of Chaitra Navratri is on the 1st day of the Hindu calendar month of Chaitra. This always corresponds to the Gregorian March-April period. In Vasant Navratri, Vasant means the season Spring. Chaitra Navratri is also called Rama Navratri is usually regarded as Hindu deity Lord Rama’s birthday which also falls in the time of Chaitra Navratri, on the last or the 9th final Chaitra Navratri day.
The main purpose of any Navratri is to worship and appease Goddess Durga and her 9 forms. The devotees seek her blessings. Below is the Nine-day schedule of the Chaitra Navratri observance:
Navratri Day 1:
Maa Shailputri Puja and Maa Brahmacharini Puja is observed this day and it also said to be Chandra Darshan, Gudi Padwa
Navratri Day 2:
Maa Chandraghunta Puja is observed on this day and it also is said to be Sindhara Dooj, Cheti Chad
Navratri Day 3:
Maa Kushmanda Puja and Gauri Puja are done on this day.
Navratri Day 4:
02/ October/2019, Tuesday
Maa Sakandmata Puja, Maa SkandaMata Puja, the day also marks Vinayaka Chaturthi, Lakshmi Puja
Navratri Day 5:
03/ October/2019, Wednesday
Maa Saraswati Puja, Naaj Puja, the day also marks Rohini Vrat
Navratri Day 6:
04/ October/2019, Thursday
Maa Katyayani Puja, the day also marks Yamuna Chatt
Navratri Day 7:
05/ October/2019, Friday
Maa Kaalaratri Puja, the day also marks Maha Saptami
Navratri Day 8:
06/ October/2019, Saturday
Maa MahaGauri Puja, the day also marks Masik Durgashtami
Navratri Day 9:
07/ October/2019, Sunday
Maa Siddhi Datri Puja, the day also marks Ram Navami, Baisakhi
Auspicious Nine days when many devotees observe fasting in the Navratri. The 9 divine Goddesses are worshiped. Most of the people are awake at night to please the divine goddesses, which is known as Jagran. The 9 days and nights are in devotion to the 9 forms of Maa Durga. Consumption of such things like alcohol and non-veg food items are strictly forbidden in these Nine days. The devotees seek for Happy and properity in life.
Mantra to praise Goddess Durga -
सर्वमङ्गलमाङ्गल्ये शिवे सर्वार्थसाधिके ।
शरण्ये त्र्यम्बके गौरि नारायणि नमोऽस्तु ते ॥
“Sarva Mangala Mangalye Sive Sarvartha Sadhike
Saranye Trayambike Gauri Narayani Namostute”
Dussehra (Vijaya Dashmi) -
The 10th day of the Navaratri is known as Dussehra, or Vijaya Dashami. Dussehra comes on the 10th day (Dashami) of the month of Ashwin on the Hindu lunar calendar. Dusshera is celebrated on 8th October 2019 this year. It's extensively devoted to celebrating the defeat of the demon king Ravan by Lord Rama.
According to the mythological Hindu text The Ramayana, Ravan kidnapped Lord Ram’s wife Sita and he took her to Sri Lanka along with him. She was found there by monkey divine God Lord Hanuman, who had certain abilities which helped Lord Ram in the search to locate her. Rama join up the help of his troops to built a bridge across the ocean (this is believed to have existed off the coast of Dhanuskodi in Tamil Nadu) and initaiate battle with Ravan to get her wife Sita back. It was extended and tiring, but Ram ultimately sliced open Ravan's body with his hundreds of arrows.
Finally, he was able to overcome Ravan by using the Brahmasthra (a powerful celestial weapon created by Lord Brahma) and was reunited with Sita.
“Dusshera is therefore an auspicious time for reestablishing faith in the victory of good over evil.”
Date Published : 05 Oct 2019