+91 9821599237
+91 9821599237
बस अब दु:ख और नहीं
Call Us: +91-124-6674671

Pongal also Makar Sankranti, Lohri: 13-14 January 2018

Pongal also Makar Sankranti, Lohri: 13-14 January 2018

Pongal is a holy semi-religious Hindu event, followed mainly in south India, and the biggest festival of Tamil Nadu State of India. In 2018, it is being celebrated from the 14th of January, Sunday, and ends on the 17th of January, Wednesday. It is for 4 days. In history, Pongal was celebrated by farmers marking the harvest time, but has evolved in the metros-urban arena as well, particularly the south Indian film industry. It is believed to have contributed in the making of stars like Rajnikant, Kamal Hassan. Many movies are launched during the Pongal time. Other coinciding dates for the 13th and 14th are Indian festivities - Lohri (mainly Punjab and Haryana), Makar Sankranti, Pradosh Vrat, Bhogi (Andhra Pradesh), Bhogali Bihu (Assam). 

These (mainly) harvest related festivities in India, can be related to and are quite like the ‘Thanksgiving’ celebrated in the US, Canada, Liberia etc, but in different months, marking seeking blessings for a good harvest. Japan and Germany also have similar festivities.

‘Ponga’ part of Pongal, means abundance-overflowing, especially of items rice, sugarcane, turmeric, cereals etc. However, Pongal is a Tamil name-word and means ‘to boil’.

As indicated above, Pongal is celebrated for 4 days. Each day is unique and has a specific meaning-activity. Below is an outline—

Day 1 : Bhogi Pandigai – Ceremonies – Pujas are performed to please the deities for rain, agricultural favorability etc. The rain and clouds God (Vedic-Hinduism) is Indira. Many natives fresh paint their houses; clean the surroundings etc, also towards preparation of the main Pongal celebration.

Day 2 : Surya Pongal – Also called Thai Pongal. It is the most important of the 4 days. ‘Surya’ means the Sun (mainly central-north India’s Makar Sankranti also falls on this day). Both mean the winter harvest celebration across India. Also, the celebrations are done to please the Surya (God, deity) for the good effects-favorability of the sun for a good harvest. Surya is regarded as the source of energy. Rice and milk are boiled and offered to the deity Surya.

Day 3 : Mattu Pongal - In the Indian farming, cows are used extensively to assist in the fields, e.g., plowing, watering, fertilizing, harvesting, transporting raw agricultural yield etc. Cows also provide milk. In India and as per the Hindu religion, cows are worshiped and are sacred. On this day, the cows are pampered by offering special food. They are bathed, decorated, the horns are multi-colored painted, attractive accessories are put etc.   

Day 4 : Katya Pongal - Also called Kaanum Pongal. Ladies-girls on this day pray for the wellbeing of their brothers. In many parts of societies, brothers are often given the stature of father-parents level as lifetime unconditional protector, especially in dire situations-circumstances. They feed the birds, especially crows. Rice balls are offered. The natives visit each other’s, friends and relatives’ places. Hindu ritual ‘Aarti’ (prayer) is also performed. 

13th and 14th of January also mark Lohri, Makar Sankranti and Pradosh Vrat. Makar Sankranti is celebrated all over India (mainly Maharashtra though) as the time for winter harvest. In Punjab and Haryana States of India, Lohri is celebrated on the 13th of January. Lohri also marks the harvest time and the near end of winter. Bonfires are light in the evening-night, in residential areas. Natives often dance and folk singing around the bonfire. They eat peanuts, sweets, snacks etc.  There are other different names given to the harvest celebration, such as, Bhogi and Bhogali Bihu in the Indian states of Andhra Pradesh and Assam, respectively.

Venus transits from Dhanu (Sagittarius) to Makara (Capricorn) on the 13th of January 2018, Saturday. 

For consultation on Pujas, Yajnas; especially making and accurate interpretation of Janam Kundali (Natal, Birth Chart), remedies, Upays etc, you can write to us on info@yesicanchange.com, or can call for appointment at +91 -124- 6774667, with renowned Astro-Scientist Gurudev GD Vashist Ji and Acharyas at address 507, Udyog Vihar, Phase -3, Gurugram (Gurgaon), Haryana

Date Published : 11 Jan 2018
View all blogs

like & follow

Contact Info
Follow Us
           
     

We accept all these major cards

Yes I Can Change
Copyright © 2005 - 2018. G D Vashist & Associates Pvt. Ltd. All Rights Reserved.
हिंदी में पढ़े Yes I Can Change